Current Knowledge Of Necrotizing Enterocolitis In Preterm Infants

Preterm infants are very susceptible to numerous illnesses and even death. A lack of developed digestive, cardiac, respiratory, and immune systems in the preterm phase increases the likelihood of developing necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) which is known as a severe digestive disorder.

NEC is a condition that affects 5-12percent of babies born at low weight and can lead to surgical intervention in 20 to 40percent of instances. It can cause death in between 25 to 50 percent of cases.For taking legal action against baby formula causing nec firms you can visit

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Many factors can trigger NEC But the exact cause is not fully understood. The most severe cases can cause intestinal resection or even death. The cost of health care for infants can be greater than $300,000 in instances when surgical intervention is required. Different types of nutrition may influence the development or onset of NEC.

Several studies have found that bovine milk-based infant formulas cause higher levels of NEC in infants who are preterm as compared to human milk (HM). It's still unclear why HM can be associated with lower levels in NEC as well as the cause some infants being fed a strict HM diet are still developing NEC. 

NEC is an intestinal inflammation that can affect newborns first identified in the year 1965 by Mizrahi and colleagues. The condition is characterized by inflammation and damage to the gut's wall that may lead to necrosis, and even an intestinal perforation.

The confirmation of NEC is usually determined using the modified stages of Bell. In mild instances, NEC can be treated by avoiding feeding the stomach through an enteral tube or by decompressing it by using a nasogastric tube and introducing broad-spectrum antibiotics.

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